A healthy lifestyle will make your heart healthier. Here are 10 things you can do to look after your heart.
1. Give up smoking
If you’re a smoker, quit. It’s the single best thing you can do for your heart health.
Smoking is one of the main causes of coronary heart disease. A year after giving up, your risk of a heart attack falls to about half that of a smoker.
2. Get active
Getting – and staying – active can reduce your risk of developing heart disease. It can also be a great mood booster and stress buster. One way to achieve this target is by doing 30 minutes of activity on five days a week.
3. Manage your weight
Being overweight can increase your risk of heart disease. Stick to a healthy, balanced diet low in fat and sugar, with plenty of fruit and vegetables, combined with regular physical activity.
4.Eat more fiber
Eat plenty of fiber to help lower your risk of heart disease – aim for at least 30g a day. Eat fiber from a variety of sources, such as wholemeal bread, bran, oats and wholegrain cereals, potatoes with their skins on, and plenty of fruit and veg.
5.Cut down on saturated fat
Eating too many foods that are high in saturated fat can raise the level of cholesterol in your blood. This increases your risk of heart disease. Choose leaner cuts of meat and lower-fat dairy products like 1% fat milk over full-fat (or whole) milk.
Read the facts about fat.
6.Get your 5 A DAY
Eat at least five portions of a variety of fruit and vegetables a day. They’re a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. There are lots of tasty ways to get your 5 A DAY, like adding chopped fruit to cereal or including vegetables in your pasta sauces and curries.
7.Cut down on salt
To maintain healthy blood pressure, avoid using salt at the table and try adding less to your cooking. Once you get used to the taste of food without added salt, you can cut it out completely.
Eat fish at least twice a week, including a portion of oily fish. Fish such as mackerel, sardines, fresh tuna, and salmon are a source of omega-3 fats, which can help protect against heart disease.
Pregnant or breastfeeding women shouldn’t have more than two portions of oily fish a week.
9.Drink less alcohol
Don’t forget alcohol contains calories. Regularly drinking more than the NHS recommends can have a noticeable impact on your waistline. Try to keep to the recommended daily alcohol limits.
10.Read the food label
When shopping, it’s a good idea to look at the label on food and drink packaging to see how many calories and how much fat, salt, and sugar the product contains. Understanding what is in food and how it fits in with the rest of your diet will help you make healthier choices.